India Forests

The forests of India are ancient in nature and composition. They are rich in variety and shelter a wide range of fauna, avi-fauna and insects. The fact that they have existed for very long time is proved from the ancient texts all of which have some mention of the forests. The people revered forests and a large number of religious ceremonies centred on trees and plants. Even today in parts of India the sacred groves exist and are worshipped.

India possesses a distinct identity, not only because of its geography, history and culture but also because of the great diversity of its natural ecosystems. The panorama of Indian forests ranges from evergreen tropical rain forests in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the Western Ghats, and the north-eastern states, to dry alpine scrub high in the Himalaya to the north. Between the two extremes, the country has semi-evergreen rain forests, deciduous monsoon forests, thorn forests, subtropical pine forests in the lower montane zone and temperate montane forests (Lal, 1989).

Wildlife of India

India is home to several well known large mammals including the Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Lion, Leopard and Indian Rhinoceros, often engrained culturally and religiously often being associated with deities, other well known large Indian mammals include ungulates such as the domestic Asian Water buffalo, wild Asian Water buffalo, Nilgai, Gaur and several species of deer and antelope. Some members of the dog family such as the Indian Wolf, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal and the Dhole or Wild Dogs are also widely distributed. It is also home to the Striped Hyaena, Macaques, Langurs and Mongoose species. India also has a large variety of protected wildlife. The country’s protected wilderness consists of 75 National parks of India and 421 Sanctuaries, of which 19 fall under the purview of Project Tiger. Its climatic and geographic diversity makes it the home of over 350 mammals and 1200 bird species, many of which are unique to the subcontinent.

Natural Beauty of India

There is always something unique about India that attracts millions of tourists each and every year. Whether it is culture, art or history, India has always been in the forefront. India finds itself best expressed in its geographical diversity and if you are an ardent lover of nature, then India can best be discovered through the eco tours. The eco tours in India have gained immense popularity among the travelers and are the ideal tools to get up close and personal with nature during your vacations. Nature tourism in India has always been a much discussed topic since long and the improvement in the infrastructure and transportation has entailed an unprecedented influx of the tourists. Eco tourism has helped the travelers not only to enjoy the sublime natural beauty but also has broadened the knowledge area regarding nature through valuable education. These tours will take you into the wilderness where nature finds its true expression.

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